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Biology of Dryland Plants

Timmermann, Barbara N. [1].

Biodiversity Prospecting and Drug Discovery from Dryland Plants.

Biodiversity prospecting provides a potentially strong set of tools for the development of local economies and conservation of biodiversity. The development of pharmaceutical, agricultural or industrial products from natural sources can be used to promote incentives for conservation by providing an economic return to sustainable use of those resources. The International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG) Program is an endeavor that integrates the process of drug discovery from natural products, biodiversity conservation, and sustainable economic growth in a unique model that incorporates academic science, traditional knowledge, commercial research and novel intellectual property mechanisms. The University of Arizona was awarded an ICBG grant in 1993 for research into drug discovery from dryland plants and microbes,biodiversity conservation and economic development in Latin America. While biodiversity from arid lands is well known to produce a vast array of natural products as defensive agents or poisons they have received much less attention than plants and microorganisms from the tropical rainforests as potential sources of useful biological agents. This interdisciplinary program involves collaborations with universities and research institutions from the U.S.A., Argentina, Chile and Mexico, and US pharmaceutical and agrochemical corporations. This ICBG program is unique in its emphasis on the United Nations Convention of Biological Diversity regarding the implementation of policies on conservation of natural resources, intellectual property rights, and other issues of concern to host countries. The goals, accomplishments, challenges, problems, and solutions encountered in this ICBG will be presented. Acknowledgments: This program is supported by Grant #5 U01 TW/00316 from the NIH to B.N.T.


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1 - University of Arizona, College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, PO Box 210207, 1703 E. Mabel Street, Room 408, Tucson, Arizona, 85721-0207, USA

Keywords:
biodiversity prospecting
dryland plants
chemistry
conservation.

Presentation Type: Symposium or Colloquium Presentation
Session: 49-17
Location: Salon K - Austin Grand Ballroom/Hilton
Date: Wednesday, August 17th, 2005
Time: 4:15 PM
Abstract ID:75


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